I am primarily concerned with analysing the constitution of 'the economy' as multiple forms of economic practices across space. This involves research on the capitalist structures of the economy as well as non-capitalist forms of economic exchanges. In this work he draws on a diverse set of theoretical foundations, such as political economy, post-structuralism and post-colonialism, integrating them to an alternative political economy. Previous and current work on tourism commodity chains offers a perspective on the capitalist structures surrounding tourism development and the upgrading opportunities for developing nations or firms situated in these. In addition to analysing the structural characteristics of the formalised capitalist tourism economy, I am also interested in multiple and alternative economies of tourism. Of particular interest are the ways in which multiple economies coalesce and produce distinctive spaces creating specific social relations.